Lime and lemon both members of the citrus family, but there are many differences between them.
According to the Contemporary Food Lab:
“They belong to the same family, but the smaller lime is actually a predecessor of the lemon, and stems from a different continent, where the lemon can’t grow.
Lemons, scientifically known as Citrus limon, originate from limes, Citrus aurantifolia. They were originally developed as a two-step hybrid, first between the lime and the citron in India and Pakistan, and the second (lime with pummelo) in the Middle East.
They were introduced to Europe by Arabs in Moorish Spain in the year 400, before being introduced to Northern Africa. In 1493, lemons were brought to the Americas by Christopher Columbus, and have been grown in Florida since the 16th century.”
Also, they differ in size, with limes noticeably smaller than lemons. Also, the taste of lemons is sour, while the one of limes is sweet or bitter.
When it comes to cooking, HealthLine claims:
“When it comes to cooking, both citrus fruits are used in similar ways. Both make excellent additions to salad dressings, sauces, marinades, beverages, and cocktails.
Which one you choose will likely be based on the dish’s flavor profile. Since limes are more bitter, they’re often reserved for savory dishes, whereas the sweetness of lemons lends itself to broader applications in both savory and sweet dishes.
Keep in mind that this is not a hard and fast rule — there are always exceptions. For instance, lime is the featured ingredient in certain sweet beverages like margaritas or limeade. It can also be found in desserts like key lime pie.
Still, generally speaking, you’re more likely to see lemons in sweet dishes rather than limes.
These two types of citrus fruit can safely be used interchangeably in a variety of cooking scenarios without ruining the dish — but it’s important to keep the bitter-sweet flavor balance in mind.”
Lemons are oval in shape, and limes are round. Both are rich in vitamin C, lemons contain twice the amount of vitamin C than the limes, as an average- sized lime has 30 mg, while the average sized lemon contains about 53 mg of vitamin C. The high vitamin C content strengthens the immune system, improves skin health, and helps in the treatment of arthritis.
Both lemons and limes are abundant in flavonoids, vitamins A, potassium, folate and powerful antioxidants, and thus offer potent anti-cancer properties.
Yet, limes are higher in vitamin A, while lemons are rich in folate and potassium. The high levels of limonoids also protect against cancer, and they also alkalize the body and neutralize acidosis.
Healthy Eating reports:
“Lemon juice has 1.44 grams of citric acid per ounce, while lime juice has 1.38 grams per ounce, placing them among the fruits highest in citric acid, according to doctors who evaluated the acid content of fruit juice in the “Journal of Endourology.”
These are just some of the countless health benefits offered by limes and lemons.
Therefore, the powerful medicinal properties of these citrus fruits explain the reason why all health experts advise their consumption as a natural way to improve your health.